LS9, Inc.
Okeechobee, FL, U.S.

LS9 Biofuel Manufacturing Demonstration Plant - Engineering

LS9 is a start-up biofuel company that developed a technology to convert plant-based sugars into ultraclean renewable biofuels.

Fluor conducted a study and performed the engineering for a facility that demonstrates the biofuel production technology on an industrial scale.

Client's Challenge

LS9, Inc. is a privately held industrial biotechnology company based in South San Francisco, California. It is developing patent-pending fuels and sustainable chemicals made with the power of synthetic biology. The company has genetically engineered microorganisms used in proprietary fermentation processes to produce renewable fuels and sustainable chemicals.

One of the first processes developed by LS9 was a fermentation-based process for making UltraClean Diesel using sugars. The technology was demonstrated successfully at bench- and pilot-scale. In order to attract investment for commercial operations, proof at an industrial scale was needed.

The company's funds and resources for this effort were limited. Using information developed by Fluor in a conceptual study, the company identified an existing yeast fermentation facility in Okeechobee, Florida, which closely met its requirements. The foreclosed property was purchased for an attractive price.

The challenge for LS9 was to quickly and cost-effectively retrofit the abandoned facility to accommodate its biofuel processes.

Fluor's Solution

The Fluor engineering team used knowledge from its conceptual study for a greenfield plant to evaluate a retrofit of the Okeechobee facility. After determining how to make best use of the existing equipment and systems, Fluor developed a plan to upgrade the facility in two phases. These supported scale-up of the LS9 process in parallel with engineering of the larger-scale retrofit.

Phase 1 was an upgrade of the existing seed fermenters to accommodate the LS9 proprietary organisms and to allow small-scale separation of products with portable equipment. The upgrade was approximately a 6X scale-up of the LS9 pilot facility in South San Francisco. Phase 2 included installation of a 35,000-gallon fermenter and retrofit of the existing plant to full downstream operations for production of UltraClean Diesel.

Fluor repurposed and retrofitted the existing equipment and controls onsite and purchased used equipment where possible, to keep project costs down while ensuring a functional demonstration facility. The existing automation system was utilized as much as possible and augmented with new systems as needed.

Fluor engineering was completed in less than 6 months. At the same time, work continued on development of LS9 processes in response to LS9's ongoing modifications.


Fluor's knowledge of Client needs and team expertise allowed engineering to be completed in a very short time, in line with LS9's key goals regarding cost and schedule. The team was flexible in working with the Client's process development group.

Fluor suggested alternatives that best used existing equipment and minimized the impact of late process changes to the implementation of the project.

As a result, Phase 1 will be operational in the third quarter of 2011, and Phase 2 in the fourth quarter, meeting LS9's objectives.