The Saudi Arabian Gas Program was concerned with the oil and gas found in wells in the eastern region of the country, which produced 170 million cubic meters of gas per day associated with 12 million barrels per day of crude oil.
The Shedgum Gas Plant was part of a government program to build gas gathering facilities, processing facilities for natural gas liquids (NGLs), and storage and loading facilities to process the gas.
Five billion cubic feet of gas a day from 25 gas oil separator plants were to be processed into sweet fuel gas, ethane, and NGL, which was then fractionated to produce ethane for petrochemical feedstock and other gases and gasoline for export.
The main function of the plant was to remove sulfur from the natural gas and to partially fractionate the gas, splitting it into dry and liquid streams for shipment via pipeline to Ju'aymah. The dry gas, mostly methane, was used for fuel and feedstock, while the liquid stream of C2 and heavier hydrocarbons were further fractionated.
The complex fulfilled part of the Saudi Arabian government's huge plan for industrialization of that Middle Eastern nation.