The NuScale Power SMR technology is a long-term strategy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and replace aging coal-fired plants with a non-fossil fuel, medium-sized flexible power generating source.
SMR-generated power is 100 percent carbon-free, comparable to power generated from wind, sun or water, but requires just one percent of the land area to produce the same amount of power. It also avoids emitting more than 6 million tons of CO2 annually when comparing just one 60-megawatt NuScale plant with coal, and 2.5 million tons of CO2 when comparing one NuScale plant with natural gas.
The DOE research portion of the agreement is designed to focus on integrated energy systems that support power production and non-electric energy products.
The other module may be used in a power purchase agreement to supply power to Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The utility Idaho Power has an existing transmission line connection with the lab, and since it has the load-serving responsibility from a regulatory standpoint, the power needs to be sold through them. The DOE forecasts that the lab will need up to 70 MW of power in the 2025-2030 timeframe.
The DOE's Office of Nuclear Energy agreement will allow the DOE to meet its needs in the form of resilient power to a national security mission-based lab while drawing from the nation's newest class of advanced reactors.