Glossary
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 This glossary provides definitions of common industry terms used by engineering companies. It is presented by Fluor as an easy reference source for media professionals and other members of the public.

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A  
 

ABFJV

American Bridge/Fluor Joint Venture. JV is building the new San Francisco Bay Bridge for California Department of Transportation (CALTRANS).

Absorption

Act or process of absorbing.

Adsorption

Assimilation of gas, vapor, or dissolved matter by the surface of a solid or liquid.

ADU

Atmospheric Distillation Unit

AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AMECO®

Fluor's equipment subsidiary is a leader in providing integrated mobile equipment, tool, and fleet management solutions to construction, mining, government, and industrial markets around the world.

Anchor Bolts

Bolts imbedded in concrete foundation and bolted to vessels to anchor bolt chairs.

ANSI

American National Standards Institute.

AOR

Area of Responsibility

API

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient

ASME Boiler Code

Standard rules for the construction of boilers and pressure vessels divided into sections which establish design formulas, material selection, allowable stress values, methods of construction, inspection, and nondestructive examination procedures for pressure containment vessel.

AUC

American University in Cairo. Fluor provided project and construction management services on this project.

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B  
 

Baseline CentricSM

Fluor work process that centers and defines Fluor's activities around the project baseline, and then delivers to that baseline to meet commitment to clients.

Battery Limits

Geographic boundaries, imaginary or real, enclosing a plant or unit being engineered and/or erected, established for the purpose of providing a means of specifically identifying certain portions or work. Generally refers to process area only unless specified to the contrary.

BPSD or B/SD

Barrels per standard day.

Benefits for You®

Benefits for You is a name and logo used by Human Resources in communication materials regarding Fluor benefits.

Brownfield

Abandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilities available for reuse.

BTEX

Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes, compounds that are some of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in petroleum derivatives.

BTU

British Thermal Unit

Building Futures

Fluor's annual global volunteer program, providing backpacks filled with school supplies to students.

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C  
 

CAD

Computer-aided Design

Carbon Capture

The process of captured CO2 from flue gases produced by fossil-fuel power plants, refineries, and chemical plants.

Catalytic Cracking

The process of breaking up heavier hydrocarbon molecules into lighter hydrocarbon fractions by using heat and catalysts.

CC

Cubic centimeters.

CENTCOM

U.S. Army Central Command.

CETAC

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Transatlantic Programs Center.

CFM

Cubic feet per minute.

CIP

Clean-in-place.

Claus-type Treating

Sulfur technology to meet clients' environmental requirements.

CMSiSM

Fluor-developed, web-based contract management reference system.

The Code

Fluor's Code of Ethics.

Cogeneration

The use of a single facility to simultaneously produce power and heat or steam.

Comminution

Reducing to powder; pulverizing.

Commissioning

Process of verifying and documenting that a facility and its associated systems meet project requirements. Activities may include run-ins, water batching, and operation of equipment and systems in support of the validation IQ and OQ execution.

Constructability

Integration of the design with the construction approach and experience to optimize (within contract requirements) the project quality, safety, capital cost, and construction schedule, thus minimizing the overall project cost.

Contingency Operations

Services provided worldwide to U.S. Government agencies, including logistics, base camp construction, housing, transportation, fuel, meals, laundry, recreation, and other support services.

CSP

Concentrating Solar Power.

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D  
 

D&D

Decontamination and decommissioning.

DHS

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

DOL

U.S. Department of Labor

Decommissioning

The retirement of a facility, including decontamination and/or dismantlement.

Decontamination

The removal of unwanted hazardous contamination by a chemical or mechanical process.

DEL-JEN, Inc.

Fluor subsidiary that provides base operations support, logistics, construction, education, and training to U.S. Government agencies.

Desalination

Process of removing dissolved salt and other minerals from water. Seawater is desalinated to produce fresh water suitable for human consumption.

Design-Build

A system of contracting under which one entity performs both architecture/engineering and construction under one single contract.

Dispersed Execution

Use of multi-office execution teams across Fluor's network of global offices.

Downstream

The refining or processing of crude oil into finished fuel products.

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E  
 

E&C

Engineering and construction.

E&C

Energy & Chemicals

ECO

Electro Catalytic Oxidation.

EconamineSM

Fluor's Econamine uses diglycolamine as the aqueous solvent for H2S and CO2 removal from gas streams

Econamine FGSM

Fluor's Econamine FG technology is a carbon dioxide recovery process. It has MEA scrubbing technology with special additives to prevent excessive degradation and corrosion caused by oxidizing agents in flue gas.

Econamine FG PlusSM

Fluor's Econamine FG Plus uses aqueous mono-ethanolamine solutions for producing food grade CO2. Econamine FG Plus is also used for carbon capture and sequestration projects.

EconosolvSM

Fluor process that uses dimethylether of polyethylene glycol as a solvent for removal of contaminants such as H2S, CO2, COS, Mercaptans, and others. Selective removal is also possible.

Electrowinning

An electrochemical process in which a metal dissolved within an electrolyte is plated onto an electrode. Used to recover metals such as cobalt, copper, gold, and nickel from solution in the leaching of ores, concentrates, precipitates, matte, etc.

Enhanced Oil Recovery Systems

CO2 (raw-gas production, handling, treating, dehydration, compression, injection, metering, etc.)

EPC

Engineering, procurement and construction.

EPCM

Engineering, procurement, and construction management.

EPC&M

Engineering, procurement, construction, and maintenance.

EPCmV

Engineering, procurement, construction management, and validation.

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F  
 

FAST

Fluor Analytical Schedule Technique Management Plan.

Fast Track

A scheduling process in which design and construction activities overlap. Design documents and equipment and trade subcontracts are released in phases.

FEED

Front-end engineering and design.

Front-end engineering and design

Engineering and design phase, early in project lifecycle, to develop project definition and optimize clients' capital resources.

Feedstock

Stock from which material is taken to be fed into a processing unit.

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency.

FGD

Flue gas desulfurization.

Fixed Cost

An expenditure or expense that does not vary with volume level of activity.

Fluor Cares®

Fluor Cares is the new brand for Fluor’s global community volunteer program.

Fluor Foundation

Formed in 1952, the Fluor Foundation invests in communities, nonprofit organizations, and education. Since that time, the Fluor Foundation has contributed more than $145 million to projects around the world.

Fluor Offshore SolutionsSM

Fluor Business Line dedicated to serving the oil and gas offshore industry.

Fluor SolventSM

Process uses a dry propylene solvent to remove H2S and CO2 from gas streams.

Fluor SOx TechnologySM

Fluor's proprietary processes for the removal of SO2 and SO3 from a variety of processing facilities.

Fluor University®

Fluor University is a completely integrated career-development system incorporating more than 1,000 online and instructor-led courses and other educational programs and resources.

FOCUSSM Process

Process in which conceptual design of a project is developed collaboratively with all project disciplines and input from client.

Fractionation Column

Generally a vertical vessel containing trays or packing; when in service, it extracts from the process system a certain required fraction such as butane or propane.

FutureFlexSM

FutureFlex is a Fluor program that defines a manufacturing facility concept with optimal flexibility and minimal cost. This approach allows Fluor to conceptualize, initiate, and validate design across an Owner's life-cycle asset.

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G  
 

Gathering Systems

Flowlines, testlines, manifolds, metering, etc.

GOSPs

Gas Oil Separation Plants, part of the ARAMCO Gas Program in Saudi Arabia.

Graduates Advancing to Professionalism (GAP)SM

Fluor internal program aimed to help recent college and university graduates transition between educational and the corporate environments by familiarizing them with the Fluor culture, goals, and procedures.

Grassroots Plant

A complete plant erected on a virgin site. Investment includes all cost of land, site preparation, battery-limits facilities, and auxiliary facilities.

Greenfield

A project located on semirural property that is undeveloped except for agricultural use, especially one considered as a site for expanding urban development.

GRI

Global Reporting Initiative (International Sustainability Report). Guidelines for Fluor's Annual Sustainability Report.

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H  
 

HAZMAT

Hazardous Materials. Materials that are legally classified as having the potential to endanger the public in some way and that require special transportation arrangements.

HDPE

High density polyethylene.

HOT

High Occupancy Toll.

HOV

High occupancy vehicle.

HPGR

High Pressure Grinding Rolls.

HRSG

Heat Recovery Steam Generator.

HSE

Health, Safety & Environmental.

HVAC

Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning.

Hydrometallurgy

Separating metal from ores and ore concentrates by chemical reactions in aqueous solution, such as leaching, extraction, and precipitation.

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I  
 

IBC

International Building Code.

IGCC

Integrated gasification combined cycle

Improved EconamineSM

The Improved Econamine process uses an aqueous monoethanolamine solution to produce food grade carbon dioxide.

ISO

International Standards Organization.

ISO

Isometric Drawing. A pictorial view of piping using isometric conventions to represent a 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional piping system.

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J  
 

J

Joule

J/K

Joule per Kelvin

JIT

Just in Time

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K  
 

K-Basins

Two indoor, concrete rectangular structures at the DOE Hanford site that contained the largest collection of spent nuclear reactor fuel.

Knowledge OnLineSM

Fluor's award-winning knowledge management system that allows 24/7 collaboration across Fluor's global offices.

KTPA

Kilo-tonnes per annum.

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L  
 

LCOE

Lowest levelized cost of electricity.

LDPE

Low density polyethylene.

LNG

Liquefied natural gas.

LOGCAP IV

U.S. Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program IV provides support to military troops worldwide using private contractors. Fluor provides services to U.S. Army as part of LOGCAP IV.

Logistics

The process of planning and executing the transportation of material to required destinations to meet schedules.

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas.

LSM

Large-scale manufacturing; typically related to biotech or pharmaceutical industries.

Lump-Sum Turnkey Project

Fixed price project for which all components are within a single supplier's responsibility.

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M  
 

M&O

Management and Operations contracts, typically awarded by DOE to manage and operate facilities in the DOE complex.

MasterPlant® by Fluor®

Fluor's MasterPlant suite of project automation tools consists of integrated proprietary and commercial software to help Fluor's project teams design, build, and maintain world-class facilities.

MaterialManager® A MasterPlant Solution by Fluor

The MaterialManager tool in the MasterPlant® suite of project automation tools integrates all material management functions into one seamless system that provides for the total control of project materials, from identification and acquisition to tracking, transportation, warehousing, and installation.

Mechanical Completion

Unit is essentially complete for start-up operation and test run. All major work completed except installation of catalyst. Minor work not interfering with operation may not be completed. Acceptance letter will have been submitted to the client. Precise definition may vary and is usually a contractual provision.

Mentoring Circles

Fluor program in which members of Fluor management serve as mentors to small groups of employees.

Modular Construction

A construction technique in which sections of a facility are prefabricated in "Modules," which are transported to the project site, placed in position, and connected.

MS20SM (Managing Safety to Zero)

Fluor's web-based HSE performance measuring and reporting program with a centralized database for tracking and trending key leading and trailing indicators.

MW

Megawatt

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N  
 

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NAVPAC

Naval Facilities Engineering Command Pacific.

NDE

Non-Destructive Examination.

NGL

Natural Gas Liquid.

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

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O  
 

O&M

Operations and maintenance.

Oil Sands

Bituminous sands are a type of unconventional petroleum deposit.

OL2K

Olefins II Kuwait project for EQUATE (DowPIC).

OSIP

Fluor's Operating Systems Implementation Plan. This Fluor document further describes the OSR implementation within each Business Segment.

OSR

Fluor's Operating Systems Requirements. Fluor's quality manual that documents basic quality and operating requirements.

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P  
 

P4®

Fluor's Professional Publications & Presentation Program.

PACI

Partnering Against Corruption Initiative, an anti-corruption initiative formed at the World Economic Forum.

P&ID

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram.

PFD

Process Flow Diagram.

Photovoltaics

Photovoltaics (PV) is the physical effect causing voltage to be generated across two electrical poles of a semiconductor plate and allowing current to flow when connected to a consumer.

PM

Particulate matter.

Polysilicon

Short version for polycrystalline silicon.

PPB

Parts per billion.

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment.

PPM

Parts per million.

PPP

Public-Private Partnerships develop major transportation projects with innovative contracting methods.

Process Vessel

A container for handling or chemically changing liquids and gases within a process system.

Projects OnLineSM

Fluor's robust project collaboration and document management tool that engages the entire project team-home office, site personnel, clients, vendors, fabricators and suppliers.

Pyrometallurgy

Metallurgy that depends on the action of heat, as smelting.

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Q  
 

QA

Quality Assurance.

QC

Quality Control.

Q&CR

Quality and Certification Requirements.

QOD

Quick Opening Device.

QOV

Quick Opening Valve.

QSR

Quality Surveillance Report.

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R  
 

Reactor

A vertical vessel containing a catalyst, which in service rearranges the molecular structure and therefore changes the fractions in a process system.

Reflux Accumulator

Generally a horizontal vessel, and without internal parts; when in service it collects and transmits back to a fractionation column the fraction which is processed by the column.

Reverse Osmosis

A process where water is cleaned by forcing water through an ultra-fine semi-permeable membrane, allowing only the water to pass through and retaining the contaminants.

RF

Radio Frequency

Reference Power Plant Designs

Fluor's pre-engineered power plant designs that can be customized using innovative design software and integrated collaboration tools.

Ripios

Previously processed material that contains residual copper.

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S  
 

SADAF

Saudi Arabia Petrochemical Company.

SAG

Semi-Autogeneous Grinding mill. Used in mineral extraction to grind ore to a fine consistency for further extraction processes.

SAS

Self-anchored suspension bridge.

SCFD

Standard cubic feet per day.

SCNR

Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction.

SCR

Selective Catalytic Reduction.

Self perform

Fluor provides self-perform construction services to clients rather than subcontracting.

Separation Systems

Gas-oil-water separation, gas and oil dehydrations, desanding, desalting and sweetening facilities, produced-water handling and treating facilities.

7DSM Optioneering

7D Optioneering is a Fluor proprietary Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) modeling tool.

Fluor uses 7D Optioneering to provide our Clients with multiple simulations and options as it relates to optimizing their capital assets. The 7D tool provides online information and planning for business purposes in relation to the complete lifecycle for engineering, construction, and operation of a Client's actual or proposed facility.

7D is a description for a combination of aspects of a physical model:
1,2,3: the dimensions of a model (X,Y,Z axes)
4: the cost element
5: the time element (schedule)
6: the life cycle element (how do we act on a model over time in the different phases of the life cycle)
7: sustainability (e.g. eco-footprint)

SNG

Synthetic natural gas.

Spent Fuel

Irradiated fuel that is permanently discharged from a nuclear reactor. Except for possible reprocessing, this fuel must eventually be removed from its temporary storage location at the reactor site and placed in a permanent repository.

SRNS

Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC. A Fluor-led partnership that provides operations and management to the DOE at the Savannah River Nuclear Site. The partnership also manages the Savannah River National Laboratory.

SRS

Savannah River Site.

Storage Vessel and Storage Tank

A container for storing liquids and gases prior to or following the process system.

SX/EW

Solvent extraction and electro-winning.

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T  
 

TCS

TriChloroSilane.

TGTU

Tail Gas Treating Unit.

3rd Gen Modular ExecutionSM

Fluor's 3rd Gen Modular Execution (patent pending) is an innovative work process that optimizes the modularization of a process facility. The benefits include: shifting construction labor out of a high cost environment; reducing material quantities; reducing cost; improving environmental footprint; and attaining cost, schedule, and execution certainty.

TIC

Total installed cost.

TPD

Tons per day.

TRIR

Total Recordable Case Incidence Rate.

TRS Staffing Solutions®

Fluor subsidiary that provides technical contract staffing.

Turnkey Project

A project in which all components are within a single supplier's responsibility.

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U  
 

UpFRONT®

Fluor's Operational Readiness tool for coordinating operating strategies, commissioning and startup activities, system turnover schedules, organization preparedness, employee training, HSE procedures, and quality certifications.

Upstream

The exploration, production, and transportation of oil and gas.

U&O

Utilities and Offsites.

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V  
 

VAM

Vinyl Acetate Monomer.

VFD

Variable Frequency Drive.

VPP

OSHA Voluntary Protection Program. Because of Fluor’s outstanding commitment and exemplary occupational health and safety records the company is part of OSHA's Corporate VPP Program.

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W  
 

Wafer

A wafer is a thin slice of silicon used for the manufacture of microelectronic chips and solar cells.

Wafer Technology

The production of solar cells from silicon wafers is the predominant technology in the photovoltaics industry. It is used by all major solar cell producers and still offers great cost-cutting potential as a means of further extending its leading position.

Wastewater

Water that has been used for domestic or industrial purposes.

Wastewater Treatment

Physical, chemical, or biological processes used to remove pollutants from wastewater before discharging into a body of water.

Watershed

Land area from which water drains to a particular body of water.

WEF

World Economic Forum. An independent international organization. Its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland brings business and political leaders, intellectuals and journalists together to discuss world issues.

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X  
 

XA

Outlet Body, Hazardous Area-Terminal

XC

Outlet Body, Hazardous Area-Through

XFMR

Transformer

XFRS

Transfer Switch

XLP

Cross Linked Polyethylene

XLPL

Cross Linked Polyethylene, Lead Covered

XP

Explosion-proof

XPD

Explosion-proof Dust Tight

XPG

Explosion-proof Gastight

XPS

Explosion-proof Spin Top, Gas, and Dust Tight

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Y  
 

Y

Yellow

YIL

Yellow Indicating Light

YP

Yield Point

YS

Yield Strength

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Z  
 

ZERO IncidentsSM

Fluor's commitment to the health and safety of all Fluor stakeholders and to sustainability is evident in the corporation's ZERO Incidents HSE program. Fluor believes ZERO Incidents is an attainable objective.

ZERO® Symbol

Registered service mark of Fluor Corporation signifies Fluor's commitment to achieve ZERO Incidents.

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